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Industry Problems In Pakistan Essay

The 14th August, 1947 is day of liberation of Muslims from narrow-minded, cruel and tyrant Hindus.  The Muslim before partition of subcontinent of Asia had been facing countless problems. The creation of Pakistan was never an easy job. One of most popular Asian poet Allama Iqbal had dreamed for separation country for Muslim because Muslims before partition even were not allowed to perform religious activities freely. The rights of women were eliminated. The great internationally known leader Mr. Quid-e-Azam struggled for separation of Pakistan with other hardworking subordinates thus the history registered. At the time of independence there were numerous problems which were somehow resolved. The development of Pakistan has been realistically remained on slow side despite of this there are many fields in which Pakistan has progressed. At present, the country has caught up some serious issues which are causing Pakistan. Pakistan has been declared Worst County in the world. The country has been playing in the hands of dictatorship and dishonest so called parliamentarians since its liberation. Pakistan is facing hundreds of problems at this time but today we are going to share with our valuable visitors about alarming problems of Pakistan:-

Terrorism Activities in Pakistan:

Terrorism means the use of violence to make the people brighten. The terrorism is leading problematical issue across the world but Terrorism in Pakistan has become highly destructive problem in recent few years. Thousands of innocent Pakistani women, men and children have been died due to terror activities. The peace of the country has been destroyed due to suicidal attacks, target killing and Bomb blasting. The citizens are frightened and afraid of such kind of activities. The important and big cities of Pakistan are especially affected due to terror attacks. Normally terrorists are against the policies of government. They try to destroy the government buildings, offices and such other popular places. The economy of Pakistan has destroyed as no one wants to invest in Pakistan due continuously ongoing problems. Foreigners are taking out their business in other Asian countries. There are some internal and as well as external forces which don’t want to see Pakistan prosperous. Moreover, the field of sports has also been affected badly. The athletes and players don’t want to visit Pakistan due to threats of lives. Especially after the attack on Sri-Lanka cricket team the condition has been thoroughly changed. There are plenty of reasons for terrorism in Pakistan and one of the most important that the political leadership is dishonest.

Energy Crises in Pakistan:

Energy is considered most important instrument for a developing country. A country can never be developing without having resources of energy. The use of energy is compulsory in every field of life but it is very disappointing to say that Pakistan having largest natural resources is lacking of energy crises. The load shedding of electricity was genuinely started in recent few years but the crises of energy are on peak at present. You can imagine that Karachi is the hub of trade but the period of load shedding in Karachi varies from 12 to 14 hours a day.  The industries have completely been destroyed. People are moving their industries, business and professions to other Asian countries. The management of energy has been organized to Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) but the WAPDA is now being rated as one of the most corrupted institution of Pakistan. The role of Government of Pakistan is nominal for development and rehabilitation of WAPDA.  Energy crisis is another great problem for Pakistan over the years. There are number of factors are responsible for energy crises such as there is not water in Pakistani rivers, plenty of new connections, theft of electricity, lack of proper power generation planning and also the corruption. The factories/work unit/industries are near to end which is causing unemployment in the country. The students are also in great trouble due to energy crises as they could not give proper time for studies.  Pakistan is the 7th Nuclear power of the world. The consumption of energy can easily be completed furthermore the resources of coal are in tons but despite of this Pakistan having shortfall of electricity.

Educational System in Pakistan:

Education is the basic right of every human being. It has power to drag a human from darkness of illiteracy into the light of knowingness. Everyone should have a specific set of skills to survive in this complicated world and set of skills can be designed as education. Education has been declared compulsory for everyone in Islam. A country can never progress without appropriate educational system.  Education is one of the fundamental factors of development. Education system in Pakistan has been divided into 03 categories such as primary education, high secondary education as higher education. It is very unfortunate to say that the educational system in Pakistan is suffering. There are plenty of weaknesses in the educational system at present which require especial attentions. There are countless private institutions are now being seen everywhere which are providing nonstandard and quality less education to the children.  There is double standard of education; one is for poor and impoverished people and other for rich people of the country. The illiteracy rate is very high in Pakistan. Furthermore, the educational institutions are doing business instead of proving quality education. It has also been examined that one of the major reason for educational crises is to make children compelled to study English syllabus while our national language is Urdu.

Unemployment in Pakistan:

Unemployment is the leading problems across the world. Millions of people are in search of suitable jobs and situation in Pakistan as far as concerned to unemployment is much alarming. It is said that whenever the problem of unemployment raises it create plenty of others such as terrorism, snatching of mobile & other wealthy allied, killings and many others. There are plenty of reasons for unemployment like that poor education system, energy crises, high age of retirement and recommendation system. There are thousands of people who have completed their education and looking for job but they are disappointed due to bad managerial system of provincial and federal government.  The poverty rate in Pakistan is on peak therefore the uneducated, unskilled and people have also been affected due to unemployment. With the passage of time unemployment is increasing instead of decreasing. People are lacking from fundamental needs of lives. The world says that the people of Pakistan are highly talented, hardworking and work devoted despite having these abilities and skills they are compel to move other countries to earn livelihood. The energy crises have destroyed the business of Pakistanis. People transferring their business to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka thus the lower class people are getting unemployed very rabidly.

Dishonest Political Leaders:

It is the country of full of natural resources. There are countless sources of Pakistan if that utilized properly Pakistan would become powerful, developed and prosperous country in the world. However dishonesty of political leaders has been the problem of Pakistan since its creation. We are lacking from honest and well-wisher leaders that can make Pakistan emerging country in the world. Pakistan is unable to find frontrunners like Quid-e-Azam and Allama Iqbal. The Politician of Pakistan has been relied on 02 parties one is Pakistan Muslim League N (PMLN) and other is Pakistan People Party (PPP). Both these parties have been nothing for the welfare for Pakistan and its people. These parties have been doing government over the year but have produced nothing. The party members are found to be dishonest, thief and corrupted. Another new party namely Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf is growing up at present which is chaired by former Pakistani cricketer Imran Khan. People of Pakistan are seeking something from Imran Khan. Is he capable to stable the Pakistan? Can he make Pakistan developed? Can he remove scourge of corruption? Can he bring prosperity in the county? Can he finish terrorism in Pakistan? These are the questions.

Environmental Problems in Pakistan:

Environmental Problems in Pakistan are troubling the balance between economic development and environmental protection. The environment has continuously been disturbing the live of humans, animals and natural resources of Pakistan are destroying very rabidly. There are plenty of reasons that are creating environmental problems. The environmental problems can be categorized as Noise pollution, air pollution and water pollution. The pollution of Air and Water is causing Pakistan at big time. The smoke of factories, industries and vehicle are polluting the air environment. Noise pollution is also hazard for health and noise pollution in Pakistan is on peak. Air pollution is also the leading problem in major cities of Pakistan and as per record it reveals that 90% vehicle causes of air pollution. Pollution control system in Pakistan is not working properly therefore it is very difficult to remove this pollution.

Corruption in Pakistan:

Corruption in Pakistan is very common thing. The ratio of corruption is very high in government institutions particular police, judiciary and department concerned to public visitors. It has plagued Pakistan from the very moment it came into being. The political leaders, bureaucrats, officials even a vendor is also corrupted in Pakistan. The development of the country is totally depends of education but educational system has badly been affected due to corruption in the country. The railway system of Pakistan is near to destroy due to heavy corruption in Pakistan. The people from Officers to lower class workers are getting violated money from Railway Department. Furthermore the Pakistan International Air is abolishing due to corruption in every field of department. The field of sports is also not save from corrupted people in Pakistan.

Ultimate Solution of Problems in Pakistan:

Pakistan is carrying countless problems and issues due bad system at the present and there is no hope if remain as it is. The corrupted, dishonest and un-qualified have made loss to Pakistan and this system is still continued therefore it is the responsibility of the people to elect the honest and work devoted people that can think about to make Pakistan prosperous and risk free. The people sitting in national and provincial assemblies are treacherous, deceitful and unfair. They have nothing to make policies for the betterment of country and nation.

Moreover, the government in power should play role in the development of Pakistan and finishing the above problems by doing hard work and removing the corruption and corrupted political leaders. There are many countries that are interesting to help Pakistan for ending of ongoing problems in country. The China is the progressive country neighboring Pakistan is ready to help out whatever and whenever need.

The army of Pakistan is considering one of the best armies in the world and Pakistan is already doing operations against terrorists and anti-Pakistan elements. It has been seen on multiple occasions that some foreign countries want to disturb Pakistan. The government of Pakistan alongwith Pak army should take some king of serious actions to stop the activities.

The Department of Police of Pakistan is one of the leading notorious institutions in Pakistan. It is the responsibility of Police to make such kind of planning and to stop crimes and other criminal activities being done in the country.

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Originally Posted by Roshan wadhwani
respected members kindly check my outline on the following topic and give ur suggestions...Regards



 Introduction

 Industrialization Defined

 Industrial Revolution

 Industrial Sector At The Inception Of Pakistan

 Pakistan’s Efforts At Industrialization

• Establishment Of Sind Industrial Training Estate, SITE
• Pakistan Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research, PCSIR
• Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation, PDIC
• Development Of Landhi Town Ship And Landhi Industrial Area
• Establishment Of Small And Large Industrial Complexes.

Causes Of Backwardness Of Industry In Pakistan

• Political Instability
• Lack Of Capital
• Limited Markets
• Underutilization Of Labour’s Potential
• Lack Of Communication And Basic Infrastructure
• Expensiveness Of Means Of Transportation
• Lack Of Technical Knowledge
• Shortage Of Entrepreneurs
• Energy Crisis
• Economic Restrictions
• Lack Of Exploitation Of World Market




Industry is one of the vital sectors and makes the major portion of the economy of the country. The industry gained a great boost after the “Industrial Revolution”. The countries which were previously relying solely on agriculture encouraged their industrial sector. This switch over from agricultural to industrial sector has paid the price to these countries. The examples of developed nations like America, Germany, Great Britain, Japan, Russia, China etc. are before us. On the other hand the countries which did not give weight to the industry are lagging behind. With the development of industry national income increased, the living standard improved, employment opportunities increased and the investment increased. Not only this, but there was also a great rise in agricultural production. All such developments opened new vistas for the countries. Countries of the world climbed out of the poverty and became self-dependent.

Industrialization is linked with the development of the industrial sector on a massive scale in a society i.e. changing the society from an agrarian one to an industrialized nation. This process involves technological changes, where new technology is developed and used.

The Industrial Revolution was a great phenomenon in the history of the world. It started in England during the 18th century when machines began to replace manual labour in many industries. It spread through much of the world starting in the 19th century and is still continuing in undeveloped countries. The whole scenario of the production altered with the introduction of the machinery. Machines made the work faster and easier. The production exceeded the demand of the items. Resultantly the prices dropped according to the supply and demand theory. With industrial development, many other sectors of the economy also developed. In short, the Industrial Revolution brought unprecedented changes in every aspect of life.

Pakistan got independence in 1947. At the time of partition, Pakistan had a negligible industrial base. It got only 34 industries out of total 955, while remaining were held by India. Such a small number of industries were not enough for a newly born country to face the industrialized world. Pakistan had to start from the scratch to develop its industrial sector and stand on its own feet. It had to make the most of its limited resources in order to keep the pace with the changing trends of the world. With the passage of time Pakistan utilized it’s all available resources domestic as well as external for rapid development of manufacturing sector. Pakistan has now attained a fairly diversified base in manufacturing ranging from essential goods to ship building industry. Domestic production of items such as refined sugar, steel, fertilizers, cement etc. has helped in import substitution and has saved substantial amount of foreign exchange.

Pakistan during its early years realized the need for development of appropriate industrial infrastructure that included setting up industrial estates and an engineering base. The first such estate was established beyond Lyari in Karachi at the present Sindh Industrial Trading Estate, SITE at Manghopir road. It was provided necessary facilities such as water, roads, and waste disposal system. To augment the pace of industrialization, the Shipyard and Engineering Works was created to cater to the needs of engineering material, plant and equipment.

The Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, PCSIR was created in 1953 to develop technologies for utilization of indigenous resources, dissemination of results of research and solving problems in processes and operations besides those encountered by newly established industries.

The Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation, PIDC was created almost simultaneously to serve as the recipient of technologies in heavy industries such as cement and in those for which private investment may feel shy. PCSIR and PIDC were charged with the responsibility of development of high level manpower which could strengthen its technology base and assist in the process of technology transfer.

The Landhi town ship and Landhi Industrial Area were developed almost simultaneously. Korangi town ship developed in 1961-69 therefore considered the establishment of industrial estates as an integral part of their planning and as the first and necessary step to ensure employment within the new settle¬ment for those being shifted.

The small scale manufacturing, based on indigenous or indigenised technologies, continued to be the main contributor to economic development, more than the large scale industries, until the late fifties. In the mid-fifties the contribution of the large scale manufacturing based on embodied technologies overtook that of the small industries. The contribution of the latter was 30% of the total in mid-sixties and continues to be approximately 25% of the manufacturing sector. Subsequently large and small industri¬al complexes were established in the cities of Karachi, Lahore, Nowshera, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Nawab Shah, Mirpur Khas and Khairpur and later on in Baluchistan.
The causes of industrial backwardness in Pakistan are varied and complex. The Government of Pakistan since 1947 is trying to develop industries and infrastructure facilities for the growth of industrial sector, yet it has not achieved success to the desired extent. In the last over three decades the main obstacles which have slowed and retarded industrial development in Pakistan are as follows:

The first and the foremost cause of the backwardness of the industry has been the political instability which has led to instability of policies. Each successive government unveils its own policies and disposes of all policies of previous government after it takes over. In the wake of such negligence from government’s part, the industrial sector is suffering a great setback.
Furthermore the lack of capital is a major hurdle in attaining self-sufficiency in industrial sector. Every industry requires a large sum of capital to keep its wheel moving. But due to the lack of capita and loan facilities the progress of industry is lingering.

Limited market is also the major cause of industrial deterioration. Owing to government’s indifference, our domestic markets have not expanded to an extent to accommodate the home-made goods. Moreover our peoples’ proclivity to foreign goods is also giving a severe blow to our industry.
The proper utilization of the capabilities of the labour play a very vital role in the progress of the industry. By fully utilizing labour capabilities the production can be improved and increased. But unfortunately, underutilization of labours’ potential on right place is inflicting a great loss and industry is lagging behind to compete with the world.

Communication plays a very important and vital role in industry’s progress. If communication is in disorder, industry fails to survive. Due to lack of transportation and absence of basic infrastructure like roads, water supply, sanitation and proper disposal of waste water and solid wastes, our industry is lagging behind.

Lack of basic infrastructure along with the expensiveness of means of transportation and communication is also contributing to industrial failure.
The significance of technical knowledge to industry cannot be negated. Industrial progress is thwarted in the absence of workers equipped with technological knowledge. The paucity of such technically experienced labour force makes the journey towards industrialization challenging.

Lack of technical minded workers coupled with shortage of entrepreneurs is worsening the things. Not only local businessmen but also foreign investors are not ready to set up new industries and make investments. They are reluctant to invest their time and money in the country which is lacking in basic infrastructure and where law and order situation is deteriorating day by day. All these things are acting as repellent for industrialists and in turn industrial development.

Energy crisis is further a bolt from blue for our industry. Our country is starving in electricity, oil and gas which are the most essential requirements to run industry. In spite of having vast resources of gas, oil, coal etc. our country is unable to provide uninterrupted supply of fuel to industry which is creating havoc to this sector.

Last but not the least, economic restrictions imposed by donor countries and lack of effective exploitation of the World Market are also contributing to our industry’s failure.

We are living in a state of lawlessness. The old norms that have held the state together for so long are no longer applicable. The new norms are still embryonic. The transition from agrarian to industrialised nation is marked by transition of cooperative society into competitive society. The social infrastructure needs to accommodate itself to the new requirement. What our government should do at this point is to speed up the development projects and intensify industrialisation. It should try to reduce provincialism and increase nationalism. A good policy for completion of transition of industrialization is required. Here are some suggestions to stabilize our industrial sector:

• Government must unveil a solid industrial policy keeping in view the global requirements.
• Policies must be strictly implemented.
• Industrialists be given loans on easy instalments, so as they could run industries smoothly.
• New markets for the local products be explored and the quality of local products be improved to increase the demand abroad.
• New technical universities and institutions be established for the guidance of the labour and equip them with the modern techniques being used in the industry.
• Means of communication and basic infrastructure required for industry like roads, transportation etc. be improved and enhanced to make the access easy.
• New and emerging entrepreneurs must be encouraged to lead the industrial sector and make investments.
• The crisis of energy must be resolved on priority basis and interrupted supply of energy to industry be ensured.
• Law and order situation be improved to allure the investors to invest their money and time.
• More attentions should be given to increase export.
• Import substitution products be produced to encourage people to use local products.
• Realistic and up-to-date statistics be provided to this sector.

To conclude with, the people of Pakistan perhaps already are aware that the country had the choice of building institutions for development of technology and other industrial infrastructure and/or a strong institution for planning. Pakistan opted assistance from the USA in formulating economic development plans while both India and Korea when offered similar options opted for establishment of institutes of technology on the pattern of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT. The KIST or Korean Institute of Science and Technology and a chain of IITs or the Indian Institutes of Technology were offered as technical assistance to Korea and India respectively and both countries flourished on the basis of solid and self-reliant foundations provided by the respective institutions. Pakistan has all the resources and a solid base to become an industrialized country. The need of the hour is to turn the policies into action by following the examples of developed countries in letter and spirit.
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